How many mountain ranges are there in India?
There are eight mountain ranges in India and these ranges have some of the greatest mountains peaks in
India as well as in the world. They are:
1. Great Himalayan Mountain range
2. Karakoram and Pir Panjal range
3. Eastern Mountain range also called the Purvanchal range
4. Satpura range
5. Vindhaya range
6. Aravali range
7. Western Ghats and
8. Eastern Ghats
Great Himalayan mountain range
The Himalayas are the world’s highest mountain range.
The Himalayas are also the world’s youngest mountains.
The Karakoram Range
The Karakoram range is situated in Jammu and Kashmir. This mountain range has more than sixty peaks above 22,966 feet.
Just to the west of the Northwest end of the Karakoram lies the Hindu Raj range, beyond which is the Hindu Kush range.
The Patkai hill range is situated near India’s eastern border with Burma.
The Vindhyas run across most of central India. The average elevation of these hills are 9,843 feet.
The Satpuras start in eastern Gujarat near the coast and runs east across Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. It runs parallel to the Vindhya range and extends to about 900 km with many peaks rising above 3,281 feet.
The Aravallis is the oldest mountain range in India. It runs across Rajasthan from northeast to southwest direction. The northern end of the range continues as isolated hills and rocky ridges into Haryana, ending near Delhi.
The Western Ghats or Sahyadri Mountains are found on the western edge of India’s Deccan Plateau. This range runs approximately 1,600 km from the south of the Tapti River near the Gujarat-Maharashtra border across Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu to the southern tip of the Deccan peninsula. The average elevation in this range is about 3,281 feet.
The Eastern Ghats is no longer considered a mountain range because much of its hills were eroded and vivisected by the four major rivers of southern India, the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri. These mountains extend from West Bengal to Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, along the Bay of Bengal. Though this range has been discarded it still has a few peaks which are over 3,281 feet.
Find out the highest peak in each of these mountain ranges.