Where is Sairandhrivanam?

Silent Valley National Park is a national park with a core zone of 91 square miles making it the second largest national park in the state of Kerala. This national park has some rare species of flora and fauna. It is located in the Nilgiri hills, within the Palakkad district of Kerala in South India. Silent Valley National Park is called so because of absence of chirping cicadas.

It is the core of the Nilgiri International Biosphere Reserve and is part of the Nilgiri Sub-Cluster Western Ghats World Heritage Site, recognised by UNESCO in 2007.

Plans for a hydroelectric project that threatened the park's rich wildlife stimulated an environmentalist social movement in the 1970s, known as the Save Silent Valley movement, which resulted in the cancellation of the project and the creation of the park in 1980. The entrance point and the visitors’ centre for Silent Valley National Park is at Sairandhri, in Kerala.

Silent Valley National Park is known as “Sairandhrivanam” which means Sairandhri’s Forest. It refers to Draupadi who disguised herself as Sairandhri, queen Sudeshna’s assistant during the exile of the Pandavas.

Activity

What are the endangered flora and fauna species found inside Sairandhrivanam?

To Reflect Upon

bulletWhy is preservation of natural habitats so important?