Bharatha Darshana

Geographically Unique Place - Indiascapes

Yamuna river

The Yamuna, sometimes called Jamuna, originates from the Yamunotri glacier in Uttarakhand from a height of 6,387 metres. In Hindu mythology, Yamuna is considered the daughter of the Sun God, Surya, and sister of Yama, the God of Death.

The Yamuna runs parallel to the Ganges and merges with it at Triveni Sangam in Allahabad. This is where the Kumbh Mela festival is held every twelve years. Yamuna is also the longest river in India which does not directly flow to the sea.

It crosses several states - Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi and creates the largest alluvial fertile plain in the world. Nearly 57 million people depend on the waters of the Yamuna and it accounts for more than 70 per cent of Delhi’s water supplies.

A heavy freight canal, known as the Sutlej-Yamuna Link (SYL), is being built westwards from near the Yamuna's headwaters through the Punjab region near an ancient caravan route and highlands pass to the navigable pars of the Sutlej-Indus watershed. This will connect the entire Ganges, which flows to the east coast of the subcontinent, with points in the west (via Pakistan). When completed, the SYL will allow shipping from India's east coast to the west coast and the Arabian sea, drastically shortening some important commercial links for north-central India's large population.

According to popular legends, bathing in its sacred waters frees one from the suffering of death. There’s another famous folklore about Yamuna. Once Lord Krishna was playing with his friends on the banks of this river when he suddenly realised that one of his friends drank its water and died. He then found out that the waters of the Yamuna had become toxic as a huge serpent had moved into it. Krishna then fought with the serpent, and asked him to move away from the river.