Festivals of India
List of festivals in October 2017
|October 02||Gandhi Jayanthi Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti|
Kojagari Mahalakshmi puja
|October 08||Karva Chauth|
|October 09||Guru Ram Das Jayanti Ahoi Ashtami|
|October 11||Sukkot ends|
|October 15||Tula Sankranti|
|October 18||Kongali Bihu|
|October 20||Govardhan puja Muharram ends Birth of the Guru Granth|
|October 21||Bhai Dooj|
|October 26-29||Chhath puja|
Karva Chauth is a one-day festival which is celebrated annually by Hindu women mostly in North India. In this festival married women fast from sunrise to moonrise for the safety and long life of their husbands. The festival is celebrated in the states of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana, Punjab, Gujarat and Rajasthan. The festival is observed on the fourth day of the fading moon fortnight also known as the 'Krishna paksha' in the month of Kartika according to the Hindu calendar.
There are many hypotheses for the origin of this festival. The first one is that during the months of October and November, military campaigns and long-distance travel usually resumed, as the areas dried and many rivers of the region subsided from the effects of the monsoon. Women kept the fast to pray for their husband's safety as they ventured away from home.
The festival also concurs with the wheat-sowing time. Big earthen pots called karvas were used to store wheat, so the fast may also have originated as a prayer for good harvest.
The women have to eat before sunrise, as the fast starts before sunrise. The fast is tough, as women do not take any food or water.
In the evening, the women dress up in fine clothes. They receive the baya or a basket full of goodies. Before sunset, women of a locality gather at one place and do a puja and pray for their husbands. While chanting prayers, they pass their bayas from one to another.