Festivals of India

List of festivals in October 2017

  Dates   Festivals
  October 01   Muharram
  October 02   Gandhi Jayanthi Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti
  October 04   Kojagari Mahalakshmi puja
  October 05   Sharad Purnima
  Sukkot starts
  October 08   Karva Chauth
  October 09   Guru Ram Das Jayanti Ahoi Ashtami
  October 11   Sukkot ends
  October 15   Tula Sankranti
  October 17   Dhanteras
  October 18   Kongali Bihu
  October 19   Diwali
  Kali puja
  October 20   Govardhan puja Muharram ends Birth of the   Guru Granth
  October 21   Bhai Dooj
  October   26-29   Chhath puja
  October 31   Halloween

Karva Chauth

Karva Chauth is a one-day festival which is celebrated annually by Hindu women mostly in North India. In this festival married women fast from sunrise to moonrise for the safety and long life of their husbands. The festival is celebrated in the states of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana, Punjab, Gujarat and Rajasthan. The festival is observed on the fourth day of the fading moon fortnight also known as the 'Krishna paksha' in the month of Kartika according to the Hindu calendar.

There are many hypotheses for the origin of this festival. The first one is that during the months of October and November, military campaigns and long-distance travel usually resumed, as the areas dried and many rivers of the region subsided from the effects of the monsoon. Women kept the fast to pray for their husband's safety as they ventured away from home.

The festival also concurs with the wheat-sowing time. Big earthen pots called karvas were used to store wheat, so the fast may also have originated as a prayer for good harvest.

The women have to eat before sunrise, as the fast starts before sunrise. The fast is tough, as women do not take any food or water.

In the evening, the women dress up in fine clothes. They receive the baya or a basket full of goodies. Before sunset, women of a locality gather at one place and do a puja and pray for their husbands. While chanting prayers, they pass their bayas from one to another.